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National Surveys on Energy and Environment


The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE) was a biannual national opinion survey on energy and climate policy. Launched in 2008, over time the NSEE has covered topics such as public policy approaches to address climate change including federal, state, and international action; energy policies such as cap-and-trade, carbon taxes, renewable energy requirements, vehicle emissions standards, and many more; and knowledge and attitudes about global warming, climate adaptation, fracking, and geoengineering. A special series of reports--NSEE@10--celebrates the survey’s 10th anniversary.

NSEE was co-founded by professor Barry Rabe at the University of Michigan and professor Christopher Borick at Muhlenberg College, and is fielded by the Muhlenberg College Institute of Public Opinion

For more information about the NSEE, contact CLOSUP at, or contact Dr. Borick directly at For more information on Muhlenberg's survey operations, see this Washington Post article quoting Christopher Borick.

Funding and Financial Disclosure

Funding for the NSEE surveys to-date has been provided by general revenues of the University of Michigan Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy, and the Muhlenberg College Institute of Public Opinion.

Research Transparency

The NSEE is committed to transparency in all facets of our work, including providing online access to NSEE survey instruments, data tables, and downloadable datasets.

Reports from the National Surveys on Energy and the Environment

Belief (and Disbelief) in Global Warming: 10 Years of Attitudes about Climate Change in the NSEE

Adaptation, Mitigation, and Geoengineering: 10 Years of Climate Action in the NSEE

Findings from the Fall 2018 NSEE

Global Warming and the American Voter in the 2018 Midterms: Perspectives from the Fall 2018 NSEE

Solar, Wind, and State Mandates: 10 Years of Renewable Energy in the NSEE

Fuel Economy, Electric Vehicle Rebates, and Gas Taxes: 10 Years of Transportation Policies in the NSEE

As Americans Experienced the Warmest May on Record Their Acceptance of Global Warming Reaches a New High

American Opinions on Carbon Taxes and Cap-and-Trade: 10 Years of Carbon Pricing in the NSEE

Should State and Local Governments Address Climate Change? 10 Years of Climate Federalism in the NSEE

Coal, Natural Gas, and Pipelines: 10 Years of Fossil Fuels in the NSEE

A Majority of Americans Support Net Energy Metering

Strong Public Support for State-level Policies to Address Climate Change

Moving the needle on American support for a carbon tax

Fewer Americans Doubt Global Warming is Occurring

American Views on Fracking

American Attitudes about the Clean Power Plan and Policies for Compliance

Acceptance of Global Warming Rising for Americans of all Religious Beliefs

Acceptance of Global Warming Among Americans Reaches Highest Level Since 2008

Belief in Global Warming Among Americans Gradually Increases Following the Winter of 2015

Cap-and-Trade Support Linked to Revenue Use

Widespread Public Support for Renewable Energy Mandates Despite Proposed Rollbacks

Acceptance of Global Warming Among Americans Moderately Increases in Late 2014

Public Support for Regulation of Power Plant Emissions Under the Clean Power Plan

Public Opinion on Hydraulic Fracturing in the province of Quebec: A Comparison with Michigan and Pennsylvania

Public Perceptions of Shale Gas Extraction and Hydraulic Fracturing in New York and Pennsylvania

Public Views on a Carbon Tax Depend on the Proposed Use of Revenue​

American Acceptance of Global Warming Retreats in Wake of Winter 2014

Public Opinion on Climate Change and Support for Various Policy Instruments in Canada and the US

The Decline of Public Support for State Climate Change Policies: 2008-2013

The Chilling Effect of Winter 2013 on American Acceptance of Global Warming

Public Opinion on Fracking: Perspectives from Michigan and Pennsylvania

NSEE Findings Report for Belief-Related Questions

NSEE Public Opinion on Climate Policy Options

National Surveys on Energy & Environment

Find Survey Questions & Responses

Data Tables


Individual Survey Pages


More on NSEE

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