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The Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS)
  • Spring 2011 Data Tables
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    Summary tables for questionnaire items from the Spring 2011 wave of the MPPS broken down by jurisdiction type, population size, and region of the state:

    Table of Contents

      Fiscal Health

    1. Good or Bad Times in the coming year?
      1. Better or Less Able to meet jurisdiction's needs this fiscal year than last
      2. Better or Less Able to meet jurisdiction’s needs next fiscal year than this

    Changes from the Last Fiscal Year to the Current Fiscal Year

      1. Change in jurisdiction’s revenue from property taxes
      2. Change in jurisdiction's revenue from fees for services, licenses, transfers, etc.
      3. Change in amount of jurisdiction's amount of debt
      4. Change in jurisdiction's ability to repay its debt
      5. Change in amount of federal aid to jurisdiction
      6. Change in amount of state aid to jurisdiction
      7. Change in jurisdiction's tax delinquencies
      8. Change in jurisdiction's population
      9. Change in jurisdiction's amount of home foreclosures
      10. Change in jurisdiction's public safety needs
      11. Change in jurisdiction's infrastructure needs
      12. Change in jurisdiction's human service needs
      13. Change in jurisdiction's number of employees
      14. Change in jurisdiction's pay rates for employee wages and salaries
      15. Change in jurisdiction's cost of employee pensions
      16. Change in jurisdiction's cost of current employee health benefits
      17. Change in jurisdiction's cost of retired employee health benefits
    1. Expected Changes from the Current Fiscal Year to the Next Fiscal Year

      1. Projected change in property tax rates
      2. Projected change in charges for fees, licenses, etc.
      3. Projected change in reliance on general fund balance
      4. Projected change in reliance on "rainy day" funds
      5. Projected change in amount of services provided
      6. Projected change in actual public safety spending
      7. Projected change in actual infrastructure spending
      8. Projected change in actual human services spending
      9. Projected change in funding for economic development programs
      10. Projected change in amount of debt
      11. Projected change in sale of public assets
      12. Projected change in privatizing or contracting out services
      13. Projected change in number and/or scope of interlocal agreements or other cost-sharing plans with other governments
      14. Projected change in jurisdiction's workforce hiring
      15. Projected change in jurisdiction's workforce layoffs
      16. Projected change in jurisdiction's filling vacant positions
      17. Projected change in jurisdiction's employee pay rates
      18. Projected change in jurisdiction's employees' share of premiums, deductibles and/or co-pays on health insurance
      19. Projected change in jurisdiction's employees' share of contributions to retirement funds
      20. Projected change in jurisdiction's retirees' share of premiums, deductibles and/or co-pays on health insurance

    2. Employee Unions

    3. Jurisdiction has employees who are members of a labor union
    4. Number of employee unions in jurisdiction
    5. Approximate percentage of jurisdiction's employees represented by a union
    6. Jurisdiction's union(s) have been an asset or liability to fiscal health
    7. Jurisdiction's union(s) have been an asset or liability to overall performance
    8. Assessment of relationship between jurisdiction and its union(s)
    9. Furloughs and Four-day Work Weeks

      1. Jurisdiction utilized employee furloughs this year
      2. Jurisdiction utilized a four-day work week this year
      3. Jurisdiction utilized early retirement incentives or buyouts
      4. Jurisdiction utilized reduced pay rates and/or benefits packages for new hires
      5. Jurisdiction reduced or eliminated training opportunities for local officials and/or employees
      1. Likelihood that jurisdiction will utilize employee furloughs next year
      2. Likelihood that jurisdiction will utilize a four-day work week next year
      3. Likelihood that jurisdiction will utilize early retirement incentives or buyouts next year
      4. Likelihood that jurisdiction will reduce pay rates and/or benefits packages for new hires next year
      5. Likelihood that jurisdiction will reduce or eliminate training opportunities for local officials and/or employees next year
    10. Elimination of Services

      1. Jurisdiction completely eliminated service(s) this year that are now no longer provided at all
      2. Jurisdiction completely eliminated service(s) this year that are now provided by another entity
      3. Jurisdiction did not completely eliminate service(s) this year

      1. Jurisdiction plans to completely eliminate service(s) in coming year and no longer provide it at all
      2. Jurisdiction plans to completely eliminate service(s) in coming year that will be provided by another entity
      3. Jurisdiction does not plan to completely eliminate service(s) in coming year
    11. Budgeting Processes

    12. Jurisdiction does formal single year or multi-year budgeting
    13. Likelihood that jurisdiction will adopt formal multi-year budgeting next year

      1. Jurisdiction had to make significant mid-year adjustments because expenditures were higher than expected
      2. Jurisdiction had to make significant mid-year adjustments because revenues were lower than expected
      3. Jurisdiction did not have to make any significant mid-year adjustments
    14. General Fund Balances

    15. Jurisdiction's unreserved general fund balance as a percentage of general fund expenditures last year
    16. Assessment of level of jurisdiction's unreserved general fund balance
    17. Jurisdiction's cash flow as a fiscal health problem

      Property Tax "Charge-backs"

      1. Jurisdiction will have property tax charge-backs from county government this year
      2. Jurisdiction will have property tax charge-backs from county government next year
      3. Jurisdiction will not have property tax charge-backs from county government
    18. Jurisdiction's charge-backs as a fiscal health problem

      Special Taxing Authorities

    19. Jurisdiction has one or more special taxing authorities
    20. Special taxing authorit(ies) have been an asset or liability to jurisdiction's fiscal health
    21. Likelihood that jurisdiction's special taxing authorit(ies) will have difficulty repaying current debt
    22. Special taxing authoritites' debt obligations as a fiscal health problem to jurisdiction

      Employee Wages and Benefits

      1. Level of jurisdiction's employee pay rate for new hires
      2. Level of jurisdiction's employee pay rate for current employees
      1. Jurisdiction provides fringe benefit package(s) to new hires
      2. Jurisdiction provides fringe benefit package(s) to current employees
      1. Level of jurisdiction's employee fringe benefit package(s) for new hires
      2. Level of jurisdiction's employee fringe benefit package(s) for current employees
      1. Level of jurisdiction's contributions to employee health care benefits for new hires
      2. Level of jurisdiction's contributions to employee health care benefits for current employees
      1. Jurisdiction offers retirement income benefits to new hires
      2. Jurisdiction offers retirement income benefits to current employees
      3. Jurisdiction offers retirement income benefits to retirees
      1. Jurisdiction offers defined benefit plan only
      2. Jurisdiction offers defined contribution plan only
      3. Jurisdiction offers defined benefit plan for some employees, defined contribution plan for others
      4. Jurisdiction offers hybrid benefit plan
    23. Likelihood jurisdiction will introduce a defined contribution or hybrid plan in the next 12 months
    24. Jurisdiction has pension obligations
    25. Jurisdiction's pension obligations as a fiscal health problem

      Other Post-Employment Benefit Liabilities (GASB 45)

      1. Jurisdiction offers health care or other retirement benefits to new hires
      2. Jurisdiction offers health care or other retirement benefits to current employees
      3. Jurisdiction offers health care or other retirement benefits to retirees
    26. Jurisdiction has retiree health care obligations
    27. Jurisdiction's retiree health care obligations as a fiscal health problem
      1. Jurisdiction in the process of or has completed an actuarial study to determine/quantify liability
      2. Jurisdiction increased cost-sharing for retirees
      3. Jurisdiction negotiated with unions to reduce benefits
      4. Jurisdiction reduced non-union benefits
      5. Jurisdiction increased the age at which retirement benefits are available
      6. Jurisdiction increased the years of service required to receive retirement benefits
      7. Jurisdiction financed liability through bonds
    28. Evaluating Current Events and Political Issues

    29. State of Michigan going in right direction or on wrong track
    30. Jurisdiction going in right direction or on wrong track
    31. Governor Snyder's job performance
    32. Michigan Legislature's job performance
    33. Jurisdiction's board or council's job performance
    34. Familiarity with Emergency Managers legislation
    35. Likelihood Emergency Manager will be appointed for jurisdiction within next 12 months
    36. Effectiveness of Emergency Managers legislation for protecting respondent's jurisdiction's fiscal health
    37. Effectiveness of Emergency Managers legislation for protecting other jurisdictions' fiscal health
    38. Jurisdiction engages in formal performance management activities
    39. Familiarity with state government "dashboard"
    40. Likelihood jurisdiction will produce own dashboard within next 12 months
      1. Effectiveness of a local government dashboard for jurisdictions' accountability and transparency
      2. Effectiveness of a local government dashboard for jurisdictions' performance
    41. The Federal Stimulus Package

    42. Amount the Recovery Act has helped community's economy to date
    43. Amount the Recovery Act will improve community's economy in long term
    44. Amount the Recovery Act has helped Michigan's economy to date
    45. Amount the Recovery Act will improve Michigan's economy in long term

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