Although Michigan's state level economic development efforts have focused a great deal on energy, life sciences and the film industry, relatively few Michigan local governments target these sectors. Only 13% of local jurisdictions target the energy sector, while 6% target the film industry and only 3% focus on life-sciences. --- MPPS, Spring 2009Regional cooperation is a growing topic for local governments and many local officials see room to expand this approach. Leaders from 48% of Michigan's cities and 43% of its counties think their local governments should do more regional land use planning than they currently do. --- MPPS, Spring 2009The new economic development strategy of "placemaking" (improving quality of life to attract talented people) is more likely to be used in Michigan's larger communities than in its smaller places: 41% of the state's largest jurisdictions are engaged in placemaking activities, compared to only 12% of the state's smallest jurisdictions. Still, leaders from 27% of these small communities think placemaking could help their efforts. --- MPPS, Spring 2009In response to falling revenues in 2010, more of Michigan's local governments expect to increase their use of "rainy day" balances than expect to either increase property tax rates or increase their amount of debt. --- MPPS, Spring 2009How involved are Michigan's citizens in their local governments? Seventy-five percent of Michigan's cities report that their local residents participate significantly in the budget setting process through participation in public hearings. Twenty-two percent of Michigan's cities report that their citizens do not participate in any significant way in setting the budget. --- MPPS, Spring 2009In response to severe fiscal challenges, workforce layoffs are predicted by many Michigan local governments during 2010, including 39% of counties, 25% of cities, 15% of villages and 6% of townships (many of these smaller units tend to have very few employees to begin with). --- MPPS, Spring 2009As of spring 2009, only 14% of Michigan's local government officials surveyed said they believe the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (a.k.a. the federal stimulus package) would significantly help improve economic conditions in their communities. --- MPPS, Spring 2009While 54% of Michigan local governments report increased infrastructure needs in 2009, given tight finances only 28% expect to increase spending on infrastructure in 2010. --- MPPS, Spring 2009The use of tax abatements is the most common economic development strategy employed by Michigan's cities and villages. 75% of cities and 43% of villages provide tax abatements to attract or retain jobs. The next most common strategies are use of economic development agencies and partnering with other local governments. --- MPPS, Spring 2009According to local government leaders in Michigan, the most widely cited business sector targeted for development by local governments is the small business sector. This finding holds true from the state's smallest jurisdictions to its largest. Other sectors most commonly targeted include manufacturing and retail. --- MPPS, Spring 2009According to local government leaders, the cost of housing is seen as a barrier to local economic development efforts in 21% of the state's jurisdictions. Cost of housing is reported as an asset in 42% of these local jurisdictions. --- MPPS, Spring 2009According to local government leaders, the most widely cited barrier to economic development efforts by Michigan's counties, cities and villages is a lack of capital and funding. This category was a close second for township officials, who most frequently cited a lack of major employers in their regions. --- MPPS, Spring 2009To deal with decreased funding and increased costs, 47% of Michigan's counties and 41% of its cities expect to cut public services in 2010. The percentages fall to 33% of Michigan's villages and 17% of its townships (these smaller units tend to provide fewer services). --- MPPS, Spring 2009According to local government leaders, the most frequently cited community asset for economic development efforts by Michigan's cities, villages and townships is the local K-12 education system. --- MPPS, Spring 2009Fifty-two percent of Michigan's local governments (including 71% of its cities) report they were less able to meet their financial needs in 2009 than in 2008. And looking ahead, 62% of Michigan's local governments (and 81% of its cities) expect things to be even worse in 2010. --- MPPS, Spring 2009www.closup.umich.edu
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